Philosophy midterm

And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities which I have mentioned. Athens, alone of the states we know, comes to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of her.

Philosophy midterm

S-1 Thinking Independently Principle: Critical thinking is independent thinking, thinking for oneself. Many of our beliefs are acquired at an early age, when we have a strong tendency to form beliefs for irrational reasons because we want to believe, because we are praised or rewarded for believing.

Critical thinkers use critical skills and insights to reveal and reject beliefs that are irrational. In forming new beliefs, critical thinkers do not passively accept the beliefs of others; rather, they try to figure things out for themselves, reject unjustified authorities, and recognize the contributions of genuine authorities.

They thoughtfully form principles of thought and action; they do not mindlessly accept those presented to them.

Nor are they unduly influenced by the language of another. If they find that a set of categories or distinctions is more appropriate than that used by another, they will use it.

Recognizing that categories serve human purposes, they use those categories which best serve their purpose at the time. They are not limited by accepted ways of doing things.

Philosophy midterm

They evaluate both goals and how to achieve them. They do not accept as true, or reject as false, beliefs they do not understand. They are not easily manipulated. Independent thinkers strive to incorporate all known relevant knowledge and insight into their thought and behavior.

They strive to determine for themselves when information is relevant, when to apply a concept, or when to make use of a skill. Egocentricity means confusing what we see and think with reality.

When under the influence of egocentricity, we think that the way we see things is exactly the way things are.

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Egocentricity manifests itself as an inability or unwillingness to consider others' points of view, a refusal to accept ideas or facts which would prevent us from getting what we want or think we want. The egocentric individual is more concerned with the appearance of truth, fairness, and fairmindedness, than with actually being correct, fair, or fairminded.

Egocentricity is the opposite of critical thought. It is common in adults as well as in children.

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As people are socialized, egocentricity partly evolves into sociocentricity. Egocentric tendencies extend to their groups. The individual goes from "I am right!

One can see this in both children and adults: My daddy is better than your daddy! My school religion, country, race, etc. Uncritical thinkers often confuse loyalty with always supporting and agreeing, even when the other person or the group is wrong.

If egocentricity and sociocentricity are the disease, self-awareness is the cure. We need to become aware of our own tendency to confuse our view with "The Truth".

Philosophy midterm

People can often recognize when someone else is egocentric. Most of us can identify the sociocentricity of members of opposing groups. Yet when we ourselves are thinking egocentrically or sociocentrically, it seems right to us at least at the time.

Our belief in our own rightness is easier to maintain because we ignore the faults in our thinking. We automatically hide our egocentricity from ourselves. We fail to notice when our behavior contradicts our self-image. We base our reasoning on false assumptions we are unaware of making. We fail to make relevant distinctions of which we are otherwise aware and able to make when making them prevents us from getting what we want.

We deny or conveniently "forget" facts that do not support our conclusions. We often misunderstand or distort what others say.Where will young voters play a decisive role in the midterm elections? Our Youth Electoral Significance Index (YESI) ranks the top 10 Senate, Governor, and House races where demographics, competitiveness, historical turnout and more suggest strong potential for the youth vote to be especially influential this November.

St. Thomas Aquinas Thomistic philosophy (Thomism) is fundamentally, the philosophy of good sense. It is both Universal and Catholic. Lacordaire stated that Thomas was a lighthouse and not a milestone.

Select a course after choosing a department Select a section after choosing a course No Courses Selected! View Test Prep - philosophy midterm from PHIL at Central Texas College. Question 1 0 out of 3 points Philosopher-kings serve89%(9). Republican Party: Republican Party, one of the two major political parties, alongside the Democratic Party, in the United States.

Also known as the Grand Old Party, or GOP, the Republican Party is the largest conservative political party in the U.S. Learn more about the history of the party in this article. Understand sms, text lingo, text speak, chat slang? transl8it! (trans-late-it) is simple! Just type in SMS, text message, emoticon, smiley, slang, chat room net lingo or abbreviations and let transL8it!

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