He blogs at MattForney. He is the author of Do the Philippines and many other books, available here.
History[ edit ] Establishment and early history[ edit ] The fraternity system in North America began at the College of William and Mary in The first fraternity in North America to incorporate most of the elements of modern fraternities was Phi Beta Kappafounded at the College of William and Mary in The founding of Phi Beta Kappa followed the earlier establishment of two other secret student societies that had existed at that campus as early as By the early 19th century, the organization transformed itself into a scholastic honor society and abandoned secrecy.
In Kappa Alpha Societythe oldest extant fraternity to retain its social characteristic, was established at Union College.
Fraternities represented the intersection between dining clubsliterary societiesand secret initiatory orders such as Freemasonry. Their early growth was widely opposed by university administrators, though the increasing influence of fraternity alumni, as well as several high-profile court cases, succeeded in largely muting opposition by the s.
The term "sorority" was invented by a professor of Latin who felt the word "fraternity" was inappropriate for a group of ladies. The first organization to use the term "sorority" was Gamma Phi Beta, established in By mere existence these organizations were defying the odds; the founding women were able to advance their organizations despite many factors working against them.
Today, both social and multicultural sororities are present on more than college campuses across the United States and Canada.
At the time, many students from the American south were moving to Europe to study because of the disrepair southern universities fell into during the American Civil War. In Zeta Psi established a chapter at the University of Toronto. The first sorority, Kappa Alpha Thetawas established at Toronto in By there were 42 fraternity and sorority chapters at the University of Toronto and of 23 at McGill University.
The first fraternities were established in the University of the Philippines. The first Greek-letter organization and fraternity in Asia, the Upsilon Sigma Phiwas founded in While these limitations have since been abolished by both the Interfraternity Conference and the National Pan-Hellenic Councilstudents of various ethnicities have come together to form a council of multicultural Greek organizations.
The Multicultural Greek Council, officially formed inis a coordinating body of 19 Greek organizations, including nine fraternities, and ten sororities with cultural affiliations. Structure and organization[ edit ] Gender exclusivity[ edit ] Fraternities and sororities traditionally have been single-sex organizations, with fraternities consisting exclusively of men and sororities consisting exclusively of women.
In the United States, fraternities and sororities enjoy a statutory exemption from Title IX legislation prohibiting this type of gender exclusion within student groups, and organizations such as the Fraternity and Sorority Political Action Committee work to maintain this status quo in federal law.
However, these generally represent a minority of Greek-letter organizations and no such fraternity is currently a member of the North American Interfraternity Conference, the largest international association of fraternities.The UVA Story Unravels: Feminist Agitprop and Rape-Hoax Denialism The UVA Story Unravels: Feminist Agitprop and Rape-Hoax Denialism.
By Cathy Young - December 8, Heading off to college is an exciting time for millions of recent high school graduates and even returning students. College life introduces new environments, new experiences, and new people, but it also creates new challenges inside and outside the classroom.
A team from Gulliver Prep won the Miami Herald Business Plan Challenge High School Track. Its straws would detect the most common rape drugs when they are placed in drinks. A team from Gulliver Prep won the Miami Herald Business Plan Challenge High School Track. Its straws would detect the most common rape . title = "Fraternities and rape on campus", abstract = "Despite widespread knowledge that fraternity members are frequently involved in the sexual assaults of women, fraternities are rarely studied as social contexts-groups and organizations-that encourage the sexual coercion of women.
Elizabeth Stoker Bruenig is a staff columnist for The New Republic and a contributor to numerous magazines, including The Atlantic, The Nation and Salon. In the wake of Rolling Stone retracting Sabrina Rubin Erdely’s phony article on rape at the University of Virginia, Stoker Bruenig penned an incomprehensible response claiming that the problem with .
A California university has suspended all fraternities and sororities following racially insensitive incidents and become the latest school to crack down on campus .
In the wake of recent horror stories about men in power who abuse women - like Harvey Weinstein - a professor at Lakehead breaks down rape culture and makes a few suggestions for men to make change.
Fraternities are back in the news; some schools killed them off years ago, and are all the better for it. Pictured, the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity at the University of Alabama.