Useful Essay on Poverty in India! The problem of poverty is considered as the biggest challenge to development planning in India. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development.
Landless or marginal farmers cultivating low value products, mostly for family subsistence. Women headed households and groups with large families but limited assets and earning opportunities.
People with limited skills and education engaging in seasonal casual work. Socially excluded, depressed groups for example lower castestribal, nomads etc. Victims of the side effects of development of infrastructure and other changes which disintegrated their past sustenance strategies for example, people affected by breakdown of traditional occupations, collective sustenance systems etc.
The incidence of poverty is greater in certain communities in India. Scheduled Tribes who reside in the more fragile areas of the country, exhibit higher incidence of poverty. The other social indicators of health, education and related facilities are also very poor in these areas.
Even though tribals may have access to land, the poor quality of land contributes to their poverty. Scheduled castes who are dispersed across the country also show a higher incidence of poverty.
Most of the agricultural labourers in the country are landless scheduled castes. Their educational and skills levels are also limited. As a result they show higher incidence of poverty than the general population.
Poverty in the Global Context: The world community committed itself to achieve eight goals. These are known as the millennium development goals MDG. Each goal has specific targets and has to be achieved by the year The MDGs are to: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
Achieve universal primary education.
Promote gender equality and empower women. Ensure global partnership for development. The monetary measures of poverty do not capture the deprivation and disabilities that the poor suffer.
The concept of poverty is therefore considered to cover more than the word poor may convey ordinarily. The international community in the s had committed itself to achieve specific targets on the provision of health facilities, education and eradication of diseases.
Conventions on environmental sustainability were also signed. As a part of the global agreement the developed countries have agreed to reduce debt and increase aid, trade and technology transfers to the poor countries so that the MDGs could be achieved. South Africa, the developed countries agreed to a frame work for assistance to the poor countries in their fight against poverty.
It is expected that the rich nations would facilitate greater resource transfer o the poor countries to achieve the MDGs. Poverty has different meanings for different people.
The perception of 30verty differs from person to person.An Essay on Poverty with reference to India By Amit Bhushan. Poverty is the state of human subsistence where one finds him unable to fully participate in the process of production and fair trade, to earn suitable wages, enough to cover the cost of a healthy & hygienic living in a dignified way.5/5(9).
The concept of poverty was virtually unknown in India. Superstition, too much faith on destiny and God and lack of concerted efforts kept a huge country under the blanket of poverty for century after century. Essay # 3. Incidence of Poverty in India: In order to determine the strategy of development of the country, it is quite essential to make an appropriate estimate of incidence of poverty in India.
But appropriate and reliable data for the estimation of the extent of poverty is not available in India. The Effects Of Poverty On Education Education Essay. Print programs that also provide good nutrition and health care (Armstrong, ).
However, with the growth in the child poverty rate, the education system struggles to provide the programs low-income children need to succeed (Armstrong, ). If you are the original writer of this. Read this article to learn about the meaning, types and measures to reduce poverty in India.
Essay # Meaning of Poverty: Poverty as a phenomenon has existed since the beginning of known history. But as centuries rolled by and populations increased, it began to appear on a mass scale.
About 74 percent of India’s population lives in villages. A "corrupt" poverty line. The number of poor in India is measured by a poverty line that is probably one of the most disputed and incessantly attacked tool in the world of development economics.