This study discusses factors that may negatively influence teamwork on a nursing care unit and variables for nursing administrators to consider when making changes that affect nursing staff, as well as the importance of ongoing evaluation of workflow process changes in acute, complex-care environments. Introduction The increased emphasis on patient safety in hospitals has brought an increased understanding of the importance of teamwork in healthcare. With hospital reimbursement from Medicare now dependent upon patient satisfaction scores, organizations are looking to find work processes that are efficient and effective for both patients and staff needs. Kalisch, Curley, and Stefanov studied an intervention to increase teamwork and noted that although multidisciplinary teamwork has been well studied, there are few studies on the teamwork among nursing staff on a patient care unit.
Through cooperative problem-solving, collaboration and communication help the healthcare team learn and grow, share different viewpoints, and find common ground. Teamwork is required if you want to get better results from less work and if you want to accomplish anything of value.
Teamwork does improve patient safety and patient safety depends on teamwork. Teamwork combines the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of each of its individual members which allows for the team to be pro-active in catching errors before they occur, find the root cause of errors, and focus on the patient.
Solid teamwork is fundamental to achieving outcomes and increasing effectiveness. Breakdowns in communication and teamwork are the leading contributors toward errors in medical treatment.
They also recognize problems before they occur and are able to adapt to change quickly depending on the need of the current situation. Teams should work well in everyday situations, so they can quickly react when crises occur. Effective teams have the ability to avoid or minimize potential for error.
To facilitate effective teamwork the following behaviors and actions are necessary for effective performance. Proactively and reactively adapt to changing circumstance.
Use information collected from the task environment or situation to make adjustments in treatment plans or procedures. Demonstrate clear and concise closed-loop communication verify sent messages are both received by the intended party and interpreted by the receiver correctly.
Monitor their teammates and provide back-up behavior.Teamwork requires co-operation, co-ordination and communication between members of a team to achieve desired outcomes.
In industries with a high degree of risk, such as health care, effective teamwork has been shown to achieve team goals successfully and efficiently, with fewer errors. Teamwork in nursing care contributes directly to more effective communication.
Nurses communicate with each other to compare general notes, discuss new information about a patient’s changed health status and note changes made in the patient’s medical care plan, such as prescriptions, dietary changes or surgeries planned.
Teamwork does however, have the potential to foster a fulfilling, meaningful way of working together. It’s not necessarily an easy option, nor a panacea for all organisational ills. However, working with a group of people, on a worthwhile activity, with a common goal, can . Haas BA, Sheehan JM.
(). Developing and retaining a successful interdisciplinary law and ethics course for professional health care students. Journal of Nursing Law, 12(1), doi: /; Mabry CC, Mosca NG. ().
Interprofessional educational partnerships in school health for children with special needs. Many health-care professions, such as nursing, dentistry and medicine, are based on the autonomous one-to-one relationship between the health care provider and patient.
While this relationship remains a core value, it is challenged by many concepts of teamwork and shared care. Teamwork combines the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of each of its individual members which allows for the team to be pro-active in catching errors before they occur, find the root cause of errors, and focus on the patient.