As was common in pre-modern China, Lu Xun had many names. His birth name was "Zhou Zhangshou". His courtesy name was "Yushan", but he later changed that to "Yucai". Inbefore he went to the Jiangnan Naval Academy, he took the given name "Shuren"—which means, figuratively, "to be an educated man".
See Article History Alternative Titles: Youth Born to a family that was traditional, wealthy, and esteemed his grandfather had been a government official in BeijingZhou Shuren had a happy childhood.
Inhowever, his grandfather was sentenced to prison for examination fraud, and his father became bedridden.
This experience is thought to have had a great influence on his writing, which was marked by sensitivity and pessimism. In he traveled to Japan to study Japanese and medical science, and while there he became a supporter of the Chinese revolutionaries who gathered there.
In he began to write articles for radical magazines edited by Chinese students in Japan. In he entered an arranged marriage against his will. In he published, with his younger brother Zhou Zuorena two-volume translation of 19th-century European stories, in the hope that it would inspire readers to revolution, but the project failed to attract interest.
Disillusioned, Lu Xun returned to China later that year. Literary career After working for several years as a teacher in his hometown and then as a low-level government official in Beijing, Lu Xun returned to writing and became associated with the nascent Chinese literary movement in The first published Western-style story written wholly in vernacular Chinese, it was a tour de force that attracted immediate attention and helped gain acceptance for the short-story form as an effective literary vehicle.
Three years later the collection Panghuang ; Wandering was published.
His various symbolic prose poems, which were published in the collection Yecao ; Wild Grassas well as his reminiscences and retold classical tales, all reveal a modern sensibility informed by sardonic humour and biting satire.
In the s Lu Xun worked at various universities in Beijing as a part-time professor of Chinese script and literature. His academic study Zhongguo xiaoshuo shilue —24; A Brief History of Chinese Fiction and companion compilations of classical fiction remain standard works.
His translations, especially those of Russian works, are also considered significant. Despite his success, Lu Xun continued to struggle with his increasingly pessimistic view of Chinese society, which was aggravated by conflicts in his personal and professional life.
In addition to marital troubles and mounting pressures from the government, his disagreements with Zhou Zuoren who had also become one of the leading intellectuals in Beijing led to a rift between the two brothers in Such depressing conditions led Lu Xun to formulate the idea that one could resist social darkness only when he was pessimistic about the society.
Shanghai years Forced by these political and personal circumstances to flee Beijing inLu Xun traveled to Xiamen and Guangzhoufinally settling in Shanghai in There he began to live with Xu Guangping, his former student; they had a son in Lu Xun stopped writing fiction and devoted himself to writing satiric critical essays zawenwhich he used as a form of political protest.
In he became the nominal leader of the League of Left-Wing Writers. During the following decade he began to see the Chinese communists as the only salvation for his country.
Although he himself refused to join the Chinese Communist Partyhe considered himself a tongluren fellow travelerrecruiting many writers and countrymen to the communist cause through his Chinese translations of Marxist literary theories, as well as through his own political writing.
He criticized the Shanghai communist literary circles for their embrace of propagandaand he was politically attacked by many of their members.
Many of his fiction and prose works have been incorporated into school textbooks. In the Lu Xun Museum opened in Shanghai; it contains letters, manuscripts, photographs, and other memorabilia.Lu Xun is the pen name of the writer born as Zhou Shuren (Chou Shu-jen) in to a family with a strong Confucian background.
His grandfather served as a high official in Peking (Beijing), and his father was also a scholar. But Lu Xun's childhood was filled with hardship. Representations. The canonical representation of Lu Xun (LX)’s life has been shaped to a large degree by a politicized use of LX’s own autobiographical writings and a variety of important biographical reminiscences by LX’s friends and family.
According this bibliography, Lu Xun was referred to in 3 articles between and , in 12 articles from to , in 19 articles from to , and in 22 articles between and (David Damrosch, “World Literature in a Postcanonical, Hypercanonical Age,” in Comparative Literature in an Age of Globalization.
Haun Saussy (ed.). An exploration of the writings of Lu Xun (), widely considered as the greatest Chinese writer of the past century.
We will read short stories, essays, prose poetry and personal letters against the backdrop of the political and cultural upheavals of early 20th century China and in dialogue with important English-language scholarly works.
European Science & Scholarship Association: Statement of the jury awarding Martin Woesler the prize 'Desideratum ' Comparative cultural scientist.
In the field of cultural comparison Woesler has advanced the existing models by contributing descriptive, high-contrast examples of distant cultures, like the Anglo-American and the Chinese. Lu Xun died on October 19, , but his works have remained prominent over the years in Chinese culture.
National and International Influence Widely recognized as one of China’s best and most influential authors, Lu Xun remains strikingly relevant to modern China.