Students will also have the option of developing individualized courses of independent study to enhance competencies for their intended career. Twelve 12 credits are required to complete the dissertation. The 12 credits can be allocated in several ways, but must be done with the approval of the student's advisor.
The biopsychosocial model, on the other hand, recognizes disease as a consequence of the interaction of various social, psychological, and biological factors Taylor, It takes into account the entire scope of a patient's well-being and recognizes the effect of such factors as strain and stress, emotion, and environmental surroundings on the occurrence of illness and disease Taylor, The biomedical model is the traditional model of health and offers a number of crucial benefits in the study of illness and disease, particularly in relation to the effect of germs on biological processes.
However, it also had its own share of liabilities, and it is these liabilities that led scientists to develop the new biopsychosocial model of health. To begin with, its assumption of mind-body dualism wrongly portrayed the body and the mind as two separate entities. Additionally, the model appeared to place more emphasis on the causes of illness as opposed to the conditions that promote health Taylor, Moreover, its 'body as a machine approach' was thought to be a wrong oversimplification of reality that failed to recognize the fact that factors external to the human body such as inadequate food supply, domestic abuse, and dangerous neighborhoods also had an effect on a person's health Taylor, Of crucial significance, however, was its emphasis on the single-cause aspect of illness and disease.
The model assumed that disease was caused solely by germs; however, this assumption began to gradually lose relevance after it was established that most modern illnesses are largely associated with lifestyle factors and stress and cannot be associated with a one single cause Taylor, The biopsychosocial model of health essentially addresses the shortcomings of the biomedical model.
First, by recognizing the possible effect of external environmental factors on biological processes, the model is able to explain why, for instance, out of ten people who are exposed to measles, only five would actually develop the disease Taylor, Moreover, by appreciating the effect of somatic factors, the model provides a more realistic framework for explaining the leading causes of death in modern society including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and high blood pressure, which are largely associated with lifestyle factors.
Further, the model is able to clearly explain how social and psychological factors influence the effectiveness of treatment Taylor, It is because of these relative strengths that that biopsychosocial model has been increasingly adopted by practitioners and researchers.
In contrast, however, the biopsychosocial model requires physicians to "consider the interacting role of biological, psychological, and social factors in assessing an individual's health or illness" Taylor,p.
Moreover, a physician must ensure that his treatment recommendations involve all the three factor sets, and that consequently, target therapy is designed as to fit the unique health statuses of individual patients, and to deal appropriately with multiple health problems Taylor, Risk and Resilience Factors for Stress and Disease Max faces quite a number of risk factors that predispose him to stress and disease.
Job stress - he works in an auto parts factory, where he is most certainly exposed to unfavorable levels of noise, hostile working conditions that he has very little control over, and a demanding work schedule that requires him to work in the evenings and on weekends.
He has very little time to rest and the fact that his body is constantly in a state of activation predisposes his biological systems to higher levels of wear and tear. Ultimately, the risk of disease increases as the body gets increasingly fatigued, and its ability to repair damaged tissues and defend itself from harm is seriously compromised.
Relationship problems -- he is unable to negotiate higher wages given that he has little control over the terms of his employment.
As a result, he faces financial constraints and is under constant pressure from his wife, who perhaps feels that he is not giving enough, in terms of time and finances, to support his family.
He also faces the pressure of being a good employee, and at the same time, a family man. The combined effect of these pressures places him at a very high risk of suffering a psychological breakdown.
Smoking and unhealthy eating habits - his frequent intake of fatty diets increases the levels of cholesterol in his blood, and causes a plaque build-up in his coronary arteries.
This places him at a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Smoking increases this risk, as well as that of lung cancer.
He also faces additional pressure from not having enough time to guide his children from being influenced into engaging in crime. These factors make him more predisposed to stress and mental disease. Resilience Factors These include those factors that enhance his ability to cope with the aforementioned risk factors.The emergence of the biopsychosocial model (Engel, ) and psychosocial rehabilitation has provided the mental health arena with an effective alternative to the biomedical model.
With an approach that is person-centred and recovery focused, it aligns with contemporary attitudes about mental disorders having their origins and impacts in a social context.
A. AGS Ethics Committee, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, May , 43(5) Biomedical And Socio Medic Model Of Health Essay Sample. The main purpose of the biomedical model of health is to cure diseases in which health professionals will use scientifically tested methods to address a diagnosed illness.
The Biomedical Model of Health and Illness Essay - The Biomedical Model of Health and Illness The most dominant theory in Modern Western medicine of health and illness, held by many official health practitioners such as doctors, consultants, and surgeons has been labelled the 'biomedical approach' or by some as the 'biomechanical model'.
It’s an issue that has divided the mental health community to a rare extent. For its advocates, it’s a humane alternative to leaving people to deteriorate to the .
Oct 01, · biomedical model of health and illness essay THE BIOMEDICAL MODEL OF HEALTH - Duration: Emma Robinson 1, views. Emotion, Stress and Health.