History[ edit ] The saxophone was developed in by Adolphe Saxa Belgian instrument maker, flautistand clarinetist. Born in Dinant and originally based in Brusselshe moved to Paris in to establish his musical instrument business. Before work on the saxophone, he made several improvements to the bass clarinet by improving its keywork and acoustics and extending its lower range.
See Article History Saxophone, any of a family of single-reed wind instruments ranging from soprano to bass and characterized by a conical metal tube and finger keys.
The first saxophone was patented by Antoine-Joseph Sax in Paris in A saxophone has a conical metal originally brass tube with about 24 openings controlled by padded keys; the mouthpiece is similar to that of a clarinet. Two octave key vents allow the instrument to overblow to a higher register at the octave.
The compass of the most commonly used members of the saxophone family has been further increased: The compass is pitched differently for each member of the family: Rare forms, representing the extreme ranges of the instrument, include the sopranino, contrabass, and subcontrabass saxophones.
All of the common forms were originally pitched in C or in F; the C melody saxophone, a tenor in C, is occasionally used for playing vocal music without transposition.
Sax left no historical account of his invention, which was intended for both military bands and orchestras and which may have stemmed from experiments with reed mouthpieces on brass instruments.
He quickly procured its official adoption by the French army, and it soon spread to other countries.
The saxophone was a popular solo instrument in the United States about World War I and was subsequently adopted in dance bands, becoming one of the most important solo instruments in the development of swing and other forms of jazz.
Its use in big bands brought changes in mouthpiece design to produce a brighter, more penetrating sound.
Modern instruments are also wider in bore than early ones. The saxophone has great flexibility, blending well with both brasses and woodwinds. It is not widely used as a concert instrument but is quite prominent in jazz, in which it is a principal vehicle for melodic improvisation.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet.  Like the clarinet, saxophones have holes in the instrument which the player closes using a Classification: Wind, woodwind, aerophone.
The saxophone, a wind instrument, was invented by Adolphe Sax of Dinant, Belgium, in For further information, visit the Saxophone History link, below.
Saxophone Background. A saxophone is a single reed, woodwind instrument first developed in the mids by Adolphe timberdesignmag.com is composed of a mouthpiece, conical metal tube, and finger keys.
Sound is produced when air is blown through the instrument causing the reed to vibrate.
Considered to be newer than other musical instruments in terms of its music history, the saxophone was invented by Antoine-Joseph (Adolphe) Sax. Adolphe Sax was born on Nov. 6, , in Dinant, Belgium. A saxophone has a conical metal (originally brass) tube with about 24 openings controlled by padded keys; the mouthpiece is similar to that of a clarinet.
Two octave key vents allow the instrument to overblow to a higher register at the octave. The saxophone family was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in Adolphe Sax wanted to create a group or series of instruments that would be the most powerful and vocal of the woodwinds, and the most adaptive of the brass instruments, that would fill the vacant middle ground between the two sections.
Sax patented the saxophone on June 28, , in two groups of seven Classification: Wind, woodwind, aerophone.